Free phonics games
Online resources for teachers and parents to help children,young people and adults learn to read.
Phonics Flash cards android app all phases
apk File [110.1 KB]
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Phase 5 drag and drop game
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A dreadful pronunciation poem
I take it you already know
A moth is not a moth in mother,
What are phonics?
The reading system of English words from an Anglo-Norse heritage is fairly systemised and follows distinct rules. Most of these words are monosyllabic (one syllable) e.g. dark, come, fish, great. More complex words of a Latin origin are harder for the reader to decipher, often containing neutral vowel sounds such as effect, affect, accountant etc.
Phonics teaching is divided into three main levels –Phase 3, Phase 4 and Phase 5. In each of these Phases the pupil is introduced to groups of letters which represent a sound in English. The two consonants put together for example in Bl is called a blend. Other blends include ch, th, gr , gl. When two vowels are combined, for example ea they are called vowel digraphs.
Phase 3 includes all single letters of the alphabet commonly known as CVC ( consonant vowel consonant) for example cat and CVCC (consonant vowel consonant consonant) for example back or grin. Phase 3 is approximately what an average child would cover and be able to read at reception level. Phase 3 also includes some vowel digraphs (two vowels together) ee, oo both as in fool and good and ai. In addition pupils are introduced to a list of tricky words and although they are relatively simple they do not necessarily follow the spelling rules pupils have learnt previously. Pupils are first encouraged to be able to read these words without being able to spell them.
Phase 4 introduces the following vowel digraphs lake,like, stone, cube,or, air, igh, old, wind, wild,ay, ea, bow, saw, blew,her, car, fir,oa,oi, oy, ou ,er at the end of a word e.g.hammer and double letters e.g. address and bible. As for phase 3 there is a list of irregular words to recognise and learn. This is the level of achievement for year 1.
By now at phase 5 pupils should be quite competent at deciphering phonics and should show that they are able to build on what they have learnt previously and be able to read new combinations of letters. This level of recognition is what would be expected of a year 2 pupil again with the emphasis on reading and not on spelling the words. The list of irregular words is greater and includes longer words with more syllables. Unexpected spellings such as treasure, television, bacon, tuba who, when, wash are introduced and the remaining vowel digraphs of blue, tie and hoe appear.